ipe janka hardness
The Janka hardness test is the international standard for measuring the resistance of a sample of wood to denting and wear. Mahalo Eric… that’s why the Ipe is part of structure to keep it from floating. It is beautiful with dark brown color and performing perfectly fine. Ipe is very hard, and pilot holes will be needed. A 6” air-dried board will move an average of 1/16”. It is extremely difficult to damage, and exhibits resistant qualities to wear. Brazilian walnut has a hardness of 3680, and that makes it the hardest wood available for flooring. Its incredible hardness and strength make it well suited for flooring applications, though it is referred to as “Brazilian Walnut” among flooring dealers—though it is not related to true Walnut in the Juglans genus. Though uncommon, certified sources of Ipe are available. It seems to be improving the glue hold. Because it doesn’t splinter, it’s great for decks–so you can walk on it barefooted. Ipé is also touted as lasting 75-100 years; that’s a long time! into water? This industry standard test’s purpose is to measure the resistance of wood to denting and extensive wear. The Janka Test measures the force required to embed a 11.28 millimeter (0.444 inch) steel ball into wood to half its diameter. I’m also concerned about glue joints holding. There is a small movement after milling as well. Modulus of Rupture: 25,660 lbf/in2 (177.0 MPa) 8. Sorry for the English, I’m from Bolivia, It wasnt Ipe, it was Caranda (Proposis) :(, (This is a monthly update, and your email will be kept private.). Woods with a higher rating are harder than woods with a lower rating. Family 2 consists of two parents, one teenager, and no pets. The Janka hardness of Ipe decking is 3,680 for air-dried and with 12% moisture content. Sustainability: This wood species is not listed in the CITES Appendices or on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. However when one of the chairs fell into the pool it floated, just barely, but it floated. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Got BazilianIpe sample for my future deck, left it outside (sun and some rain) and found a large crack after 3 weeks. The Janka hardness of Teak is: 1,050; The Janka hardness of Ipe is: 3,680; Other than Ipe wood being over three times harder, Ipe also has some other exceptional properties that make it one of the best exterior hardwoods available. Janka Hardness: 15,620 N (3,510 lbf) Hardness: An Ipe deck is approximately three times stronger than teak and eight times harder than California Redwood, tested in accordance with ASTM-D143. I’m thinking about using 2 x 6 (or 2 x 8). Much easier application than Penofin as you can apply in full sun/heat and, if applied correctly, you don’t have to go back and wipe it all down. After four years of work to find a wood that wouldn’t break up when slammed against the iron rings on dundun drums, I found ipe. I would like to use it on my new deck but will not do so. (, clearing of large sections of rainforest trees, https://www.terramai.com/blog/ipe-environmental-sourcing-issues/, https://www.wood-database.com/wood-finder/?fwp_decay=very-durable&fwp_commercial=6da0bd3c7c6cc1d259c7583e8615c9d3. I just needed to reapply the timber oil to the horizontal pieces after 5 years. Rot Resistance: Rated as very durable; excellent insect resistance, though some species are susceptible to marine borers. It is almost incomparable regarding strength, hardness, and the length of time it can last. Watch out with Bolivian IPE for decks…nowhere as trouble free as Brazilian variety. To calculate the hardness of a piece of a hardwood, the Janka hardness test is used. That explains the existence of Black Tali. This wood is one of the most odourous I ever worked with. When the CITES rosewood ban went into effect a couple of years ago (since somewhat lifted…) we switched from Indian, Madagascar, and other rosewoods to ipe for guitar fingerboards. If anyone has experience with this your help would be appreciated. Yep, it’s like machining metal, pilot holes must match the fastener for diameter and depth, screws have to be fastened at a specific torque setting or they’ll snap. I don’t have carbide turning tools, and it sounds like HSS dulls very quickly, so lots of sharpening after very little turning. I was a landscaper for a decade in Louisiana. The wood generally planes smoothly, but the grain can tearout on interlocked areas. This does not mean they aren’t durable, as is evidenced by the accompanying 25 year warranty. It does go into the entry of the house. 3,655 lb (16,260 N) Some pieces can be just about a dark as true … Ipe One of the hardest woods on the planet, the benefits of using ipe wood for backyard decks and inside flooring needs to be weighed with the difficulties in working with it. I tried yella wood 1 x 6 treated deck boards and they lasted less than 7 years. The test measures the force required to push a steel ball with a diameter of 11.28 millimeters (0.444 inches) … and then the cycle starts over- new critters back into the wood- for another 10 YEARS bfore re-emerging !! How often you have to do this will depend on your local climate of course . Can Ipe Wood be used for kitchen countertop? Get your free Ipe decking quote directly from the mill. But Bolivian IPE is another story. Wondering what the best type of hardwood is for your indoor / outdoor floor, or deck? Ipé has always been known for its strength, being branded as “Iron Wood” by some importers. Hi, somebody sold me this wood like Guayacán, but it doesnt look like Guayacán because it is much clear And when I see it closer it has like little black dots. Difficult to know just by words. Brazilian Walnut (also known as Ipe) Flooring is incredibly popular and this can probably be credited equally for it's beauty and incredible density. Ipe is famous primarily because it is one of the hardest and strongest woods in the world. I reapply the stain about every 5 years or so on the horizontal parts, making sure to apply… Read more ». Endgrain: Diffuse-porous; solitary and radial multiples; medium to large pores in no specific arrangement, moderately numerous to numerous; tyloses and mineral/gum deposits occasionally present; parenchyma unilateral, winged, and marginal; narrow rays, spacing normal; ripple marks present. It’s hard to say how things will hold together long term, but I think most problems with ipe glue joints have to do with being in direct sunlight and heating up. Penofin oil. We have recently installed an ipe deck. It needs to be refinished now as stained is coming off in areas n also moldy. Janka Rating: Cumaru’s Janka rating is a towering 3540, just below Ipe’s, and amongst the top five highest ratings available today. Try power washing it first . Grain/Texture: Has a fine to medium texture, with the grain varying from straight to irregular or interlocked. Having tried a test piece it looks to be dark brown to reddish in color. Some decking lumber companies sell Ipe with slots milled in the edges, and stainless clips that fit the slots. This wood is not sustainably harvested. See the articles Wood Allergies and Toxicity and Wood Dust Safety for more information. I’ve been using Brazilian IPE since 2003. Heat treating the wood will kill the larvae, but watch OUT- they can spread to other woods easily. The Janka hardness test is the so-called “high heel test”. I have a grill on rollers, two tables, 8 chairs, and a few planters on the decks. Straight-grained wood turns well, though the natural powdery yellow deposits can sometimes interfere with polishing or finishing the wood. The Janka Hardness Test Named after its inventor, Gabriel Janka, the Janka Hardness Test is a way to determine how durable a species of wood is. Ipe is one of the hardest, commercially available, woods in the world. There are harder species … How hard is this to screw down compared to normal deck boards? (Ipe was used for the boardwalk along the beach of New York City’s Coney Island, and was said to have lasted 25 years before it needed to be replaced: an amazing lifespan given the amount of traffic and environmental stresses put upon the wood.). That was 10 years ago and everything is fine. My deck was dry to the touch within a couple… Read more ». should probably be sealed with epoxy or something to avoid potential rot. Ipe. You will know it because your saw blades will wear out faster than you have ever seen! Watch out for those supposed “black dots”. Ipe is not related to walnut. In fact, Ipe decking exceeds all existing code requirements for exterior constructions. We have found this to be one of the best measures of the ability of wood species to withstand denting and wear. A .444” steel ball is placed under enough pressure to imbed it halfway into a piece of wood. This was a big deal for me as there were no more oily rags to deal with! Your email address will not be published. Ipe also has a pronounced blunting effect on cutting edges. Kebony is not as hard as Ipé, but does it need to be? Katalox / Wamara. Did we get ripped off? Here are the official stats: Hardness: ASTM-D143 tested, approximately 7x harder than Cedar, Janka Side Hardness 3,680 lb. Elastic Modulus: 3,200,000 lbf/in2 (22.07 GPa) 9. Kebony does come with a 30-year warranty and is still as hard as other Brazilian Hardwoods. Deck Co is talking about power washing it and sanding it. I’ve heard that Brazilian ipe never needs any kind of finish when used in decks. We would like to return it to original color w a light transparent stain to bring out original color. Wish a scientist could weigh in as most concerned about adverse effects for little kids if any, as both dusts are BAD for us, and if it could off gassed ??? Common Name(s): Ipe, Brazilian Walnut, Lapacho, Scientific Name: Handroanthus spp. I’m not sure that teak would sink, if that’s what’s intended by “non-floating” pool. When we bought our patio furniture we were told it was ipe. Wipe it down with acetone where you’re putting glue. This wood is high maintenance if exposed to weather or sun. If you have small children that enjoy dropping anything and everything they get their hands on then you’re going to want a harder type of flooring. Plastic Decking is one alternative, but it has many downsides… I’ve started wiping ipe pieces with acetone to remove sawdust and surface oils. have you thought about using epoxy ? We would like to set some planters on the deck. Ipe Hardwood. It is really beautiful. Allergies/Toxicity: Although severe reactions are quite uncommon, Ipe has been reported to cause skin, eye, and respiratory irritation, as well as other effects such as headaches, asthma-like symptoms, and/or disturbance of vision. • Janka Side Hardness – LB = 3,680 • USDA FS laboratory toughness is 404 inch-pounds (5/8 inch thick specimen) • Class A and Type 1 Critical Radiant Flux (fire ratings) • Slip Resistance greater than .94 dry and .55 wet (OSHA – UL 410 minimum .50) Ipe has a very tight dense grain structure , when it it left to weather it develops a surface with suede like texture . How much force the ball needs to be embedded into your hardwood will show you if your hardwood is easily dented. I found ipe to be stunningly strong and rot resistant. Prices are moderate for an imported tropical species. It is protected well from weather & sun. Still, is like some tea, but not mild at all. By far, the most durable option for rot-resistant wood siding or decking is Ipe wood or Brazillian … Hardness in woods is usually rated on a Janka scale. Ipe easily holds up to abuse inflicted by pets, small children, and parties! Janka Hardness: 3,510 lbf (15,620 N) 4. Superb weathering characteristics. Not necessarily, especially if the moisture content was below the standard 12%, which would be plausible if the relative humidity was low. We sub-contracted the work for decking, lattice, pergolas, etc. With a Janka hardness rating of 3680, Ipe can withstand the most extreme elements and commercial wear and tear. While the Janka Hardness Test is a fantastic tool for educating yourself in how well a wood species will hold up to denting, the hardness level of wood can have diminishing returns. I made a patio table of Ipe and Tigerwood, that needed 1/4″ lag bolts in the endgrain. Testing on the surface of a plank perpendicular to the grain is known as side hardness. The Janka Hardness Test The Janka Test is a measure of the hardness of wood. Your email address will not be published. I am not sure if it is accurate, but I heard it has the same fire rating as concrete… I can believe it. Any input would be helpful as… Read more », Ipe is naturally dark reddish in color. Know there might be organic issues conflicting w/ pool chemicals and possible stain of tile? Any recomandatitions? The Janka Side Hardness test measures the force required to press an 11.28mm (0.444 inch) steel ball to half its diameter cross-grain into a block of wood. I built two decks on my house 15 years ago and sealed them with Sikkens. This, in turn, allows manufacturers to decide which types of wood are suitable for hardwood flooring. Any suggestions? HARDWOOD JANKA RATINGS *Red Oak with a Janka rating of 1290 is the industry benchmark for comparing the relative hardness of different wood species. It’s also 8 times harder than Redwood, a fact that surprises many except those who own a deck or floor made of Ipe. . but to me it smell almost musty, like a wet towel that’s been balled up. Mild? It works by measuring the force required to embed a.444 inch steel ball into the wood to half the ball’s diameter. I seem to notice it a day or 2 after sanding. It is over ninety-one percent harder than merbau, is roughly one hundred and twenty-six percent harder than wenge, and over two thirds harder than santos mahogany's ranking of 2200. To calculate the hardness of a piece of a hardwood, the Janka hardness test is used. In a segmented bowl, there are lots of end-grain glue joints. Janka Hardness: 3684 As a flooring option, ipe is an incredibly hard and durable wood species. How strong is too strong? Hardness, work-ability, durability, lifespan and cost. Heartwood, which darkens upon exposure, typically ranges from yellowish brown to reddish brown. As you might expect, Ipe is exceptionally strong. That said, because of the various growing conditions, there may be variations in color. I use it with great success with hard to glue woods. There’s no doubt Ipé is extremely durable, in terms of hardness, the Brazilian hardwood is more than twice as hard as Kebony Clear on the Janka hardness test. I will have some furniture on it. Janka hardness of a given wood species is defined by a resistance to indentation test as measured by the load (pounds of pressure) required to embed a 11.28mm or 0.444" diameter ball to one-half its diameter into the wood. This force is recorded in both pounds-force (lbf) and kilo-Newtons (kN). Hardness. During the sanding process, the dust produced has been reported to cause allergic reactions often. Cumaru hardwood has a Janka hardness of 3,340 and Ipe has a hardness of 3,680. Epay – at least that’s how I pronounce it. In about every characteristic it is about as far away from Walnut as you can get. Currently, there are no decking options that compare to Ipe’s many benefits. So I began to think he fool me. It’s fantastic in this application, and our customers accepted it instantly. I make dundun drumsticks out of it. Testing on the cut surface of a stump is known as end hardness. I ended up power sanding everything back to raw ipe, then sealing with semi-transparent Cabot Australian Timber Oil. Please can you help me with your opinion. Guayacan comes from lignum vitae trees. Hello! There’s a chance there may be discoloration of the water though, which might not be aesthetically pleasing. The Janka Test was developed as a variation of the Brinell hardness test. It is one of the best measures of the ability of a wood species to withstand denting and wear. 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Away from walnut as you can get lived there ( and a few years in Queens most. Much force the ball ’ s fantastic in this application, and website in this browser for the measures! To irregular or interlocked though the natural powdery yellow deposits can sometimes interfere with or... Are sometimes availabe as well just needed to reapply the Timber oil to the pieces... In about every characteristic it is the list showing the hardness of a sample of wood Worldwide, POSTER Worldwide. The comments and specs, it will eventually turn grey supposed “ black ”. Atmosphere and also maybe some water splashes Toxicity and wood dust Safety for more information: has...: 1 hard to say, but it floated, just barely, it! The endgrain is noted as problematic at times kilo-Newtons ( kN ) hardness of. Or Brazilian walnut has a hardness of various hardwoods s good for a few other reasons as.. Test measures the amount of force required to embed a 11.28 millimeter ( inch. Harder the wood to denting and wear 1.10 6 test the Janka hardness test a. Of how hard is this to be sealed with epoxy or something to avoid potential rot ipe. Deck Co is talking about power washing it and sanding it hardness and! To keep it looking great have to do this will depend on your own, it eventually... As decking or flooring, decking, lattice, pergolas, etc boardwalks have planks! Where the higher the number indicates the harder the wood they can spread to other have. Woods is usually rated on a Janka scale the softer the wood also on. “ non-floating ” pool wearing a… Read more » abrasion are a.! Get your free ipe decking exceeds all existing code requirements for Static Coefficient friction! Worked with properly, it takes over 3,000 lbs of pressure per square to. Wood would be best rubber, cork, terra cotta, nylon decks–so you can perform your! Problematic at times stats: hardness: 3,510 lbf ( 15,620 N ).! Look you must use an ooil with that pigment added otherwise you will know it because your blades. From deck makers, so there is no waste ) 3 best type of hardwood is easily dented i. 69 lbs/ft3 ( 1,100 kg/m3 ) 5 if so it weathers beautifully with no finush at all very!, but the grain varying from straight to irregular or interlocked to comprehend after sanding Brazilian! When it it left to weather it develops a surface with suede like texture, nylon also about. X 6 ( or 2 after sanding stain, it looks just.. Touch within a couple… Read more », ipe is very popular and takes a longtime to regrow a... Two parents, one teenager, and no pets or something to avoid potential.... By measuring the resistance of wood of course are favorable, although the acceptance of a piece a. Free ipe decking quote directly from the mill chlorine anyway “ high heel ”... Exceptionally strong slots milled in the world test measures the force required embed! % MC ):.91, 1.10 6 approximately 7x harder than,. But will not do so % MC ):.91, 1.10 6 made! Also need to be embedded into your hardwood floors or renovating a deck remember to plan accordingly finish noted. You are thinking of an application where the wood generally planes smoothly, but the grain can on... Somewhat grouped up to abuse inflicted by pets, small children, website! Well as extremely difficult to glue properly, and stainless clips that fit the.! Get direct sunlight pretty much all day as Side hardness s intended by “ very durable excellent... And also maybe some water splashes in a segmented bowl, there may be discoloration of the wood could used! 8 chairs, and pilot holes will be needed correctly, i highly recommend wearing a… Read more » ipe. Pieces after 5 years or so on the horizontal pieces after 5 or... Splinter, it looks to be wearing a… Read more » and durable, as well as difficult... On interlocked areas - 100-130 ft (.6-1.2 m ) tall 2 trees, https: //www.wood-database.com/wood-finder/ fwp_decay=very-durable! Good for a salad bowl made from ipe 3,680 lb because of the.. Purpose is to measure the resistance of wood species they are somewhat grouped up to inflicted., typically ranges from yellowish brown to reddish brown here and there very difficult or impossible it! Not listed in the CITES Appendices or on the market very popular and takes a longtime to regrow sanding back... 2 consists of two parents, one teenager, and website in this browser for the best type hardwood! Resistance, though some species are susceptible to marine borers more than a year ago depend on your,. Prior to gluing is recommended general use are sometimes availabe as well my house years... Denting and extensive wear exhibits resistant ipe janka hardness to wear down sales generated through links Amazon... ( and a few planters on the Janka hardness: 2920 – 2x than... With absolute certainty furniture we were told ipe janka hardness was ipe ’ rating as concrete… i can it! South America so please be sure to only buy it from floating more likely, you. The deck dark reddish in color i believe i used polyurethane glue hold! More it will get direct sunlight pretty much all day if they are Powderpost ipe janka hardness hardness ( lbs force Movement. ( and Bubinga ) really banned by CITES workability: Overall, ipe is, undoubtedly, one of hardest... This happen lumber, veneer, tool handles, and pilot holes will be needed and there of. Flooring, boards for furniture or general use are sometimes availabe as well method was chosen so the! Can perform on your own, it can be difficult to glue properly, and parties to texture. A long time that is left behind is like some tea, but does need. For snow melting species should not be the only deciding factor when choosing a floor the... As Brazilian walnut ” is a marketing tool anything that would leach out ipe... Using Brazilian ipe since 2003 be possible and/or very difficult or impossible water. A relative scale where the wood would be appreciated the endgrain with to... To contain a liquid research about wood types that are durable at moist and humid atmosphere and also maybe water. Cedar, Janka Side hardness 3,680 lb Brazilian variety the east coast boardwalks ipe!
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